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How to Install FreeBSD - FreeBSD 7 i386 installation guide

This is a document for installing FreeBSD 7.0 on a dedicated i386 machine. If you need a preconfigured FreeBSD Dedicated Server you can visit our hosting section where we list dedicated hosting services that offer FreeBSD machines with managed or unmanaged hosting.
If you have any questions you can post them in our FreeBSD Forums. Remember this is a guide only and this website and its owners and operators assume no liability for any problems arising with your installation.

Before starting the FreeBSD installation – things to prepare
This document is a guide to install FreeBSD 7 using an installation CD/DVD, please make sure your computer has a CD/DVD drive and you've got a FreeBSD 7 installation CD/DVD.

If the computer needs to connect to a network, you need to following information to configure the network adapter:

IP address
IP address of the default gateway
Hostname
DNS server IP addresses
Subnet Mask

Begin the FreeBSD Installation:

1.turn on your computer
2.put the installation CD in the CDROM
3.computer should start booting from this installation CD and you’ll see a screen like the following:

OS boot image

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4.wait for 10 seconds or press ENTER, the system will then start hardware probe process. You’ll see lots of text flying by your screen.
5.then it stops at a “Country Selection” window, you can use the “UP” and “DOWN” arrow key to select the country your computer is located. Then press “ENTER” to continue.

select your region for your FreeBSD install

6.You’ll come to the sysinstall main menu. We’ll choose “Standard” method to install FreeBSD, it’s recommended for most situations.

Menu for selecting the FreeBSD installation method

7.Then you’ll see a message window telling you that you are about to start setting up the disk for this installation. Please press “ENTER” or “SPACE” key to continue.
8.If you have more than one disk installed on your computer, you’ll see a screen to prompt you to select which disk you want to setup. Press “SPACE” key to select the disk you want to set up, then use “Tab” key to highlight “OK”, then press “ENTER” to continue.
9.In the screen, it will display all the information about your physical disk, as shown in the screen shot below. You need to choose where on the disk (or which partition, in Windows terms) you want FreeBSD to be installed. Since our server is dedicated to FreeBSD, we’ll press “A” here to use the entire disk for FreeBSD.
NOTE: Selecting “A” tells installation program to format the disk at a later time( in this installation) and thus destroy all current data on it. Stop here if that’s not what you intended.

Partitioning the hard drive for FreeBSD

10.Next, you'll choose whether you want to install a boot manager program. A boot manager is for booting multiple Operating systems on one computer. Choose option B, “Standard”, as FreeBSD will be the only one on this computer.
11.Then you'll see a message window telling you that you’re about to create partitions for FreeBSD. Press “ENTER” to continue.
12.Here you need to make decision on how you want divide your disk.

how to divide your disk

There are two options here: You can use system default partition by pressing “A” in this screen, or you can create you own partitions as you want. No fundamental differences exist between these two options, just that first option is easier to set up and the second one is more intuitive in organizing your data. Below is how to set up each option.

Option A: use system default
Press key “A” when you arrive at the screen below you will see a list of partitions the system created for you. Then press “Q” to save your change and continue. Below is a screen shot showing what a default partition looks like (for a 8G disk):

Option A

Option B: create your own partitions

a.When you come to the screen as shown above, press “C” to create you own partition.
b.Then the system prompts you for the size of your partition, with a default value of all available blocks. Use the backspace key to remove it and enter the size of your choice, like “512M”, or “2G”, then press “ENTER” to continue.
c.Then select the type of partition you want to create, swap or FS.
A swap partition is for system use, as a slower alternative when physical memory is not enough. You cannot store your own data on it. You should create at least one swap partition, around twice the amount of the physical memory in size. Then choose “FS” to create a partition to store your data.
d.Then you need to set up mount point for your partition (if you choose “SWAP” in previous step, you won’t be prompted for mount point, as a swap partition is never mounted). The / (or root) partition is mandatory. You can put “/”, or “/usr”, or “/tmp”, or any other mount point you want, like “/mywebsites”, etc.
e.Repeat steps a-d to create all partitions and mount points you need. Then press “Q” to save and continue. (it'll return to disk selection if there is more than one disk on your computer).

 

Up Next Part II of the FreeBSD i386 installation guide

click here to go to Part II of the FreeBSD i386 installation guide starting with Choosing a distribution set


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Custom Search


Copyright © 2009, WEBSERVER CONSUMER GUIDE

Privacy Policy

Please note:
(1) FreeBSD is a registered trademark of The FreeBSD Foundation.
(2) WEBSERVER CONSUMER GUIDE is in no way affiliated with The FreeBSD Foundation